Calvary, St. James, and
St. Catherine of Alexandria,
A bishop may have commissioned this triptych, or three-part devotional altarpiece, for a chapel in Limoges Cathedral. The center depicts Christ on the cross flanked by the crucified thieves. The Virgin Mary, St. John, and Mary Magdalene are in the left foreground. Typical of European religious scenes of this period, the skyline of Jerusalem includes French chateaux, and the figures wear 15th-century costumes. The artist’s nickname, “Monvaerni,” comes from the letters visible on the blade of the sword St. Catherine holds.